Nearly eight years after the Constitution was amended to make education a fundamental right, the government implemented a historic law to provide free and compulsory education to all children in age group of 6-14 years. The 86th Constitutional amendment making education a Fundamental right was passed by Parliament in 2002. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, a law to enable the implementation of the fundamental right, was passed by Parliament in 2009
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act came in to effect on April 1, 2010, makes it obligatory on part of the state governments and local bodies to ensure that every child gets education in a school in the neighborhood. The law makes it obligatory on part of the state governments and local bodies to ensure that every child gets education in a school in the neighbourhood.
At present, there are nearly 22 crore children in the relevant age group. However, 4.6 per cent of these children (nearly 92 lakh) are out of school. The school management committee or the local authority will identify the drop-outs or out of school children above six years of age and admit them in classes appropriate to their age after giving special training. The Act also mandates that even private educational institutions have to reserve 25 per cent seats for children from weaker sections.