Madhya Pradesh Slumps to 30th Position in the Educational Development Index [EDI], Says the Latest DISE Report

A report on the performance and indicators of the elementary education in the nation, released by the District Information System for Education [DISE], NUEPA, depicts the jeopardous state of elementary education in Madhya Pradesh. The series report flashes various data and indicators of elementary education for the academic year 2006-07 in 35 Indian states and Union Territories [UTs].

Though the Madhya Pradesh government has taken strides in enrolling children in schools but there have been blithe efforts in providing quality education to them thus leading to their retention in schools. As per the report there is a robust hike in the GER [Gross Enrollment Ratio] of children at primary level, i.e., from 129.76% in the year 2005-06 to 143.58% in 2006-07 but there has been a keel on the educational development front of the children as on various development indicators the state has delivered mediocre performance.

The state's commitment in providing quality education to all its children is clear from its slumping position at 30th rank, i.e., sixth from the lowest in terms of performance on four basic variables used in computing Educational Development Index [EDI], namely, Access, Infrastructure, Teachers and Outcomes.

Madhya Pradesh's rank and performance on various components of EDI at Primary Level

Primary Level Upper Primary level 
2005-06 2006-07 2005-06 2006-07
Index Rank Index Rank Index Rank Index Rank
Access 0.634 5th  0.593 8th  0.548 10th 0.590 20th
Infrastructure 0.513 29th  0.540 26th  0.531 29th 0.581 27th
Teachers 0.320 33rd  0.355 33rd  0.498 33rd  0.380 33rd
Outcomes 0.570 12th 0.492 25th 0.458 16th  0.384 24th
Overall EDI 0.514 24th  0.478 31st 0.509 29th  0.483 31st
Combined Primary and 0.512 – 29th rank [2005-06]
Upper Primary level  0.481 - 30th rank [2006-07]

The above table shows that Madhya Pradesh has terribly sunk in providing access, infrastructure and outcomes in its educational service and programme. The indicator for Outcome includes Gross Enrolment Ratio – Overall, Scheduled Castes: Gross Enrolment Ratio, Scheduled Tribes: Gross Enrolment Ratio, Gender Parity Index in Enrolment, Repetition Rate, Drop-out Rate, Ratio of Exit Class over Class I Enrolment (only at Primary stage), Percentage of Passed, Children to Total Enrolment, Percentage of Appeared Children passing with 60 per cent and more marks.

An enormous downfall in terms of outcomes have shown that there is a thrust on enrolling children in school without paying any heed in delivering quality education for improving their performance and results in schools. As per the DISE report 06-07 75.39% boys and 73.24% girls passed in grade IV/V, whereas 21.31% boys and 20.48% girls have passed with 60% and above marks. Similarly, 62.67% boys and 62.40% girls passed in grade VII/VIII and 19.10% boys and 20.10% girls have passed with 60% and above marks.

The peculiarity of providing access to children is not just limited to providing schools in every habitation but is also about making the school environment conducive and enabling for children and providing adequate upper primary schools in the proportion of primary schools. Notwithstanding this the ratio of Ratio of primary schools to upper primary schools Madhya Pradesh has fallen down from 2.8 in 2005-06 to 2.7 in 2006-07.

There are 35899 middle schools for 95517 primary schools.

As per the Annual report of the Department of School Education report, 2006-07, the state government has met 83% of its physical target of upgrading 386 primary schools into Middle schools and have spend 51.1% of the budgeted amount. There are funds but perhaps there is no commitment to utilize them for the apt cause.

Also, the issue of access is somewhere related to the defying dignity and exclusion of children in schools on the basis of caste, religion, creed, sex, etc. When Scheduled caste children are oft repeatedly discriminated and excluded in the school on the basis of caste then how can a state ensure appropriate access and retention of children in schools?

An insight in the details regarding infrastructure, particularly available classroom for children in schools, presents the giddying attitude carried by the state government on the plight of children attending government schools in the state. As per the DISE report 2006-07 the percentage of schools with Student Classroom ratio more than 1:60 has raised from 15.55% in 2005-06 to 17.87% in 2006-07. On the other hand the Annual report of School Education Department, 2006-07 says that MP government has achieved merely 31.49% of its target of constructing additional rooms and 37.8% of its target of constructing buildings in primary schools [constructed 1650 buildings out of targeted 4357]. While the state government has the available budget for constructing rooms for children but due to its sheer ignorance children are huddled in a classroom.

Only 76.88% schools have pucca buildings, paying little attention on the inclusion of disabled children only 22.04% schools have ramp, 24.59 % government and aided schools have kitchen shed, 11.8% schools doesn’t have drinking water facility in school, only 26.43% schools have girl's toilet in school and 22.12% schools are single teacher schools.

Though the overall GER has taken a huge stride but there has been no significant growth in the inclusion of girl children in schools. The government schemes and intention for enhancing girl's enrollment has taken a setback as the percentage of girl's enrollment has fallen down from 48.85 % in 2005-06 to 48.75 % in 06-07 in class I-V. Moreover, the percentage of female teachers in primary schools has also slumped down to 66.62% in 06-07% 66.69% in 05-06.

Madhya Pradesh at a glance [Source: DISE 06-07]

  • 76.88% schools have pucca buildings.
  • Average Student – Classroom ratio is 44.
  • 22.12% schools are single teacher schools.
  • 19.08% children [Primary schools]; 13.67% children in all schools are attending a single teacher school.
  • % schools having PTR > 60 has increased from 22.72% in 2005-06 to 24.14% in 2006-07 [PS] and 21.03% in 05-06 to 22.16% in 06-07 [all schools].
  • % schools having PTR > 100 has also increased from 5.55% in 05-06 to 6.75% in 06-07 [PS] and 5.30% in 2005-06 to 6.56% in 06-07.
  • % schools with female teachers have come down from 66.69% in 05-06 to 66.62% in 06-07.
  • % schools having drinking water facility in school – 88.2%.
  • % schools having girl's toilet in school – 26.43%
  • 5.62% teachers [20735] involved in Non Teaching Work; 22 days spend in non teaching work.

Chandni Tyagi

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