Around 80% of Indians do not get enough to eat. Despite claims to being an emerging Superpower, India ranks 94th out of 119 countries in the Global Hunger Index.. 43% of Indian children and 40 % of women are malnourished. 50% of child deaths are due to malnutrition.One in every three Indians is underweight. (BMI of less than 18.5%). According to the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector (Arjun Sengupta Report) 77% of Indians live on less than Rs 20 a day (2004).
While 52% of the population is directly and 65% is indirectly dependant on agriculture, agriculture’s share in the GDP (the total income of the country) has dropped to only 15%. Agriculture has been continuously discriminated against, and exploited to subsidise industry and the service sector. The value of agricultural work and agricultural produce is deliberately undervalued while those of industry, trade and the service sector are inflated.