India is in Transition. Unfortunately, this transition is deepening the paradox of India, where on the one hand a very small section of the population is concerning the dividends of a rapidly growing Indian economy and on the other hand the majority of the people remain excluded from this process of growth and development. The pace of this transition is unprecedented and is fundamentally altering the political, economic and social landscape of the country. Arguably, the most important cause for these changes is globalization and its accompanying processes. In-spite of this enormous impact, globalization remains as one of the most contested ideas of our times due to the partisan nature of its impact, this has led to deep divisions within the country and divided the polity and society almost vertically on pro and anti globalization lines.
India is one of the most prominent battlegrounds for the pro and anti globalization groups in the world. The dominant economic and political elite in the country are aggressively pursing policies to promote globalization through privatization of basic services and natural resources like land water and forests. The state institutions, structures and policies are being drastically altered, often beyond recognition, to provide a conducive environment for the unfettered growth of globalization and its accompanying processes. This is being bitterly opposes by ordinary citizens, people groups and civil society organizations struggling for the protection and promotion of basic human rights of the marginalized people. According to these groups, it is evident that the uncritical acceptance of the processes globalization would further exclude and alienate the marginalized groups from their fundamental right to livelihood. However, in spite of these strong and well articulated positions, there is very limited systematic knowledge base on how globalization is unfolding in the state and how it is impacting the rights and lives of common and ordinary citizens.