Poverty is hunger. Most often, poverty is a regular situation of hunger leading to chronic hunger. Poverty is lack of shelter. Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. Poverty is not having access to school and not knowing how to read.
Poverty is not having a job, is fear for the future, living one day at a time. Poverty is losing a child to illness brought about by malnutrition. Poverty in social perspective is a state of existence, where people do not have power, lack of representation in political sense and lack of equal opportunities. As poverty has many dimensions, it has to be looked at through a variety of indicators - levels of income and consumption, social indicators, and indicators of vulnerability to risks and of socio/political access.
In the present context poverty determination is a major challenge because the resources in the hold of public were decreasing regularly and the state wants to address this subject technically. Regarding resources, government believes in the centrally controlled system that's why their policies push mechanical development and industrialization as their priority issue. Every time government presents new data and listed goals in front of us but they believe in measuring every situation - every thing by the hard data and numbers, they also believe that every need can be fulfilled by measuring it in percentage and on this basis only they decide the standards for poverty estimation and identification. The objective of elimination of poverty does not contain the biggest challenge, but the lack of political will makes it a distant dream.
The Indian state has legally divided the society in the APL and BPL (Above Poverty Line and Below Poverty Line) sub-sections. Unfortunately this division has further put the most marginalized communities into a black hole of negligence and chronic hunger. The entire BPL census survey depends on 13 indicators on the basis of which status of poverty is decided or rather calculated. It is a proven fact that one cannot define the status of poverty just on the basis of 13 indicators decided by the Government of India and Planning Commission. About 10 lakh marginalized and vulnerable families in the state of Madhya Pradesh who are facing the opera of discrimination. They have been excluded from the Below Poverty Line list because of irrelevant and inhuman indicators and the non-committal process of survey. From an in-depth study it confirms that proving to be poor, has been a tough battle for the real poor while an easy one for the non-poor, further the motive to reduce burden to the possible extent, the government has already decided the results in advance without completing the entire process decided for identifying poor. Thus the parameters fixed and the process undertaken to identify the poor has become quite questionable.