National Family Health Survey-4 2015 -16
State Fact Sheet -Madhya Pradesh
The National Family Health Survey 2015-16 (NFHS-4), the fourth in the NFHS series, provides information
on population, health and nutrition for India and each State / Union territory. NFHS-4, for the first time,
provides district-level estimates for many important indicators.
The contents of previous rounds of NFHS are generally retained and additional components are added
from one round to another. In this round, information on malaria prevention, migration in the context of HIV,
abortion, violence during pregnancy etc. have been added. The scope of clinical, anthropometric, and
biochemical testing (CAB) or Biomarker component has been expanded to include measurement of blood
pressure and blood glucose levels. NFHS-4 sample has been designed to provide district and higher level
estimates of various indicators covered in the survey. However, estimates of indicators of sexual behaviour,
husband’s background and woman’s work, HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and behaviour, and, domestic
violence will be available at State and national level only.
As in the earlier rounds, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India designated
International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai as the nodal agency to conduct NFHS-4. The main
objective of each successive round of the NFHS has been to provide essential data on health and family
welfare and emerging issues in this area. NFHS-4 data will be useful in setting benchmarks and examining
the progress in health sector the country has made over time. Besides providing evidence for the
effectiveness of the ongoing programmes, the data from NFHS-4 help in identifying need for new
programmes with area specific focus.
Four Survey Schedules - Household, Woman’s, Man’s and Biomarker - were canvassed in local language
using Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI). In the Household Schedule, information was
collected on all usual members of the household and visitors who stayed in the household the previous
night as well as socio-economic characteristics of the household, water and sanitation, health insurance,
number of deaths in the household in the three years preceding the survey etc. Information on the woman’s
characteristics, marriage, fertility, children’s immunizations and childcare, nutrition, contraception,
reproductive health, sexual behaviour, HIV/AIDS, domestic violence, etc. was canvassed in the Woman’s
Schedule. The Man’s Schedule covered the man’s characteristics, marriage, his number of children,
contraception, fertility preferences, nutrition, sexual behaviour, attitudes towards gender roles, HIV/AIDS,
etc. The Biomarker Schedule covered measurements of height, weight and haemoglobin levels for children;
measurements of height, weight, haemoglobin levels, blood pressure, and random blood glucose level for
women aged 15-49 years and men aged 15-54 years. In addition, women and men were requested to
provide a few drops of blood from a finger prick for laboratory testing for HIV.